When dealing with ovarian cancer, it’s important to know the most important risk factors are age and a family history.
Most cases of ovarian cancer occur in women over 55 years of age. Besides, women who have never been pregnant, as well as those with a mutation in their BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are also at a higher risk of ovarian cancer (as well as a higher risk of breast cancer).
In its early stages, ovarian cancer usually has no obvious symptoms. This is why ovarian cancer is usually not detected before it has reached a more advanced stage.
As the cancer grows, symptoms may include:
Pressure or pain in the abdomen or pelvis
Abdominal swelling or bloating
Constipation or diarrhea
Urinary urgency or frequency
Unusual vaginal bleeding, such as heavy periods or bleeding after menopause
How is ovarian cancer diagnosed and evaluated?
Your general practitioner will start by asking about your medical history and symptoms. You will also have a physical exam that includes a pelvic exam. If you have any symptoms that suggest the presence of ovarian cancer, you may have tests like the pelvic ultrasound, abdominal and pelvic computer tomography (CT) scan, an exploratory laparotomy, and/or a laparoscopy.
How is ovarian cancer treated?
Treatment depends on whether the cancer is circumscribed to the ovary or if it has spread to nearby tissues, or to other parts of the abdomen or body. The most common treatment options include:
Oophorectomy, which is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries. Women who have only one ovary can still get pregnant, but pregnancy is not possible if both ovaries have been removed. Oophorectomy can be used in patients with highly circumscribed ovarian cancer, which involves only one ovary and has not spread outside of its capsule.
If both ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed, it is called bilateral salpingo oophorectomy.
Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus and cervix, or cervix) and the removal of another tumor that could have spread outside the ovary is performed in the case of more advanced ovarian cancer. Once the uterus is removed, the woman can no longer get pregnant.
Chemotherapy is used after surgery, usually in cases of more advanced ovarian cancer. In patients with ovarian cancer that cannot be surgically removed, chemotherapy is given as an initial treatment. Chemotherapy is usually given for a period of time, and is alternated with periods without treatment.
Radiation therapy is rarely used to treat ovarian cancer, in most cases it is used to treat limited areas that have a tumor in the pelvis and / or regions of the lymph nodes that cause pain and other symptoms.
Having a balanced lifestyle, a good diet, enough exercise and good stress management protects your immune system, helping prevent the formation of tumors that can turn dangerous.
We recommend taking Shark Liver Oil and Kyonin daily, because the antioxidants they contain help prevent and treat cancer.
You can call us at 1-800-299-7917 to make an appointment with Doctor Rigoberto Perez Diaz, or visit our website www.salud.bz, we will gladly assist you. Remember to follow us on Facebook and Instagram and do not forget to tune into our daily program SALUD TV.